Anemia in dogs: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Anemia in dogs: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Do you think that your dog has anemia? Check these symptoms your dog can present if it suffers anemia. Besides, I will tell you about the diagnosis and treatment to anemia in dogs. Likewise, if you find that your dog does not have anemia I let you the information to know how to prevent it.

Symptoms of anemia in dogs

The symptoms of anemia in dogs can vary depending on the type of anemia that the animal suffers or the time it has latent inside it. These symptoms, besides helping in the diagnosis of anemia in dogs, can also be symptoms of other diseases. The most common are:

  • Gums and pale mucous membranes
  • Weakness
  • Depression
  • Lethargy
  • Lack of appetite
  • Blood in the stool
  • Intolerance to exercise
  • Tachycardia
  • Fainting
  • Tachycardia
  • Difficulty breathing

Diagnosis of anemia in dogs

In addition to the symptoms and the general physical examination, the diagnosis by means of a blood count (blood test) is essential to make sure that it is really anemia. A urine or stool test may also be done for this purpose.

However, this diagnosis does not indicate exactly the causes that caused it, so extra tests should be done if it is not determined exactly what causes it through these two analyzes. Some of the tests to perform can be:

  • Scraping of bone marrow
  • Bone marrow biopsy
  • Abdominocentesis
  • Bone scan
  • Ultrasound
  • Endoscopy
  • Specific analyzes for different parasites
  • Analysis for toxins

Depending on the result, one treatment or another will be applied. Do not forget that the veterinarian is the only trained person to diagnose this disease, for that reason you should never treat a dog without a diagnosis made by a professional.

Treatment of canine anemia

The treatment will depend on each case and will be recommended depending on the causes of the anemia. It is the veterinarian who must decide the proper treatment for each dog, but some common treatments for canine anemia include:

  • Blood transfusions
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Administration of immunosuppressants
  • Administration of iron supplements
  • Gastrointestinal protectors
  • Use of antibiotics
  • Use of antiparasitics

The forecast is also very variable and depends on each case. Dogs with mild anemia and simple causes to eliminate have a very good prognosis. In contrast, dogs that have anemia caused by tumors, cancer or other serious problems, have a more reserved prognosis.

Prevention of anemia in dogs

The different causes to anemia in dogs make it impossible to propose a single prevention system. However, and except for cases of anemia associated with genetic causes, we can ensure that a good diet, quality care and a regular veterinary review can help us avoid some causes that cause this disease. In addition, an early detection of anemia can make the treatment more effective.

So my first recommendation is to take your dogs to the veterinary once in a while. And if your dog has anemia, give it a lot of love to help it go through it all.

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