It is important to realise that you would have to take adequate care for a dog after you own one. Dog ownership has to be a well thought out step.However, it is all worth it for the joy of owning a loyal friend.



Feed your dog a high quality dog food. Dogs are carnivores and should be fed meat. Even when purchasing dog food check the label and be sure the first few ingredients are some kind of meat and most definitely not grains. Remember to also ask a veterinarian for recommendations and advice on the quantity to feed the dog.

Feed your dog on a regular schedule. Endeavour to feed your dog at least two times in a day with the appropriate amount. Feeding time should be preferentially morning and evening. It is important to stick to a specific routine to ease housetraining of the dog.

Avoid giving your dog an excessive amount of treats or people food. There is dog food for a reason. Other food types could lead to weight gain or health problems for your pet. It will be effective to give your dog treats only as rewards. It will not be easy to do this, especially if your pup is looking at you with puppy dog eyes, but remember it’s for the dog’s good.

Give your dog water. Water is necessary and survival, therefore, it is very important. Ensure that your dog has potable water that is accessible at all times. 


Make sure you have a good, reliable veterinarian. Dogs get ill and need a special kind of doctor. So ensure that you locate a very good and accessible one and it is very important that the person interacts well with your dog. Ensure that you go for regular check-ups.

Get your dog vaccinated.
 It is necessary to get your dog vaccinated to prevent diseases some, e.g. Rabies, are also transferable to man. A veterinary doctor willadvise you on the vaccines to get based on the incidence of diseases in your area. Ensure that you keep up with the vaccines and take booster injections when due.

Use regular parasite preventative treatments. Dogs pick up worms, especially roundworms, often. It is necessary to deworm them at the frequency recommended by the veterinarian, the outdoor dogs more often than the indoor dogs because of the lifestyle difference. Consider preventive measures against fleas and ticks also.

Consider desexing your dog. This step reduces the dogs’ risks to several illnesses such as cancers. It also limits pet overpopulation and accidental breeding. However, it also predisposes the dog to some other health challenges including certain types of cancers, thyroid and cardiac problems.

Get pet health insurance.
 Research about dog health insurances, pick the one you can afford and which is best for your pet. This will reduce the cost veterinary treatment.


Brush your dog. This will help you know the state of your dog’s body and help keep the coat in good condition. If your dog sheds a lot, check out for shed-control products.

Keep your dog’s coat clean. Dirty coats breed germs that can cause infections and illnesses. Remember to bathe your dog as often as should be to prevent a dirty coat. Also, trim your dog’s coat when necessary to prevent irritation, discomfort and blocking its eyesight.

Keep your dog’s nails trimmed.
 Keep your dog’s nails short and healthy. You could make your dog like getting nail cuts by rewarding it with treats or a walk.

    Provide your dog with plenty of exercise.
    Every dog breed requires a certain amount of exercise. A smaller dog will require lessstrenuousactivity for a short time as opposed to a large dog. Provide the right amount of exercise for the type of dog you have.Adequate exercise burns off excess energy and ensures that you have a calm and agreeable dog. Walk your daily and keep an eye or leash on it to prevent it from running away.

Stimulate your dog’s mind with reward-based training.
 To get a happy pet, endeavour to train your dog. Dogs prefer to train one on one and this aids bonding. Train your dog tobe obedient to simple commands. A simple way to do that is to reward obedience and reward your dog based on what it enjoys.

Socialize your dog. Puppies have a socialization windowperiod (till around 18weeks of age). A time where they are introduced to people, sounds and  smell so they can be used to them and not view them as treats. Ensure that you socialize your dog adequately. Older dogs in new environments should be socialized slowly and not overwhelmed with new things all at once. Exercise patience and reward little successes.

Allow the dog to play and display behaviours that are normal for the breed. Every dog behaves differently. Some are calm while others are energetic. Allow the dogs to yield to their nature as long as it is not destructive.

Treat your dog with respect. Dogs have feelings too. Be kind to your dog. Dogs can learn without physical punishment or verbal assault. If a dog does wrong, sit down to calmly analyse the situation andthink of a way to help it. Also, name the dog appropriately so that other people treat it kindly in public.

Be aware that your dog has basic needs that need to be fulfilled. A dog is a living thing with basic needs. Look out to fulfil those needs. Ensure that is it well fed, walked and can poop when necessary. Also, let it out to play and enjoy nature too.

Make sure your dog has access to a comfortable place to sleep and is not left out in extreme temperatures. You should provide a doghouse for your pet with proper protection from all harm. Don’t not let it spend time under unfavourable weather conditions which could injure, cause illness or kill it.

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