Dalmatian dog Breeds History, Traits, Health Care and Training
The Dalmatian dog breeds is a medium sized dog breed that is mainly bred to use as carriage dogs. The origin of this dog is in Croatia. Its name has taken from Dalmatia which is a historical region of the breed. These are now known for participating in various Kennel club competitions and are popular family pets around the world. These dogs possess excellent stamina, endurance and have a muscular body. These have served in various capacities like coach dog, circus performer, firehouse dog, and hunter.
Vital Statistics of Dalmatian Dog Breeds:-
Other names: Carriage Dog, Leopard Carriage Dog, Spotted Coach Dog, Firehouse Dog, and Plum Pudding Dog
Male Height: 58–61 cm (23–24 in)
Female Height: 56–58 cm (22–23 in)
Coat: Short, smooth
Color: White background with black or liver spots
Litter size: 6–18 puppies
Lifespan: 10–18 years
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Vital Statistics of Dalmatian Dog Breeds:-
Dalmatian is the most recognized dog breed in the world with their regal carriage and unique spots. Anyone can easily get attracted to its dashing looks and their incredible energy levels. This breed is developed mainly to run along carriages for miles by helping to ward off highwaymen and to add a touch of flair to the vehicles in which upper-class people travel. These are wonderful companion dogs and love to spend lots of time with his family. They have an endless amount of energy and perfect for people who skate, jog or bicycle. They excel in canine sports like flyball and agility.
These dogs are highly active, both mentally and physically. To avoid their behavioural problems from developing, a Dalmatian should be trained when he arrives at your home as a puppy. Their headstrong nature demands a bit of consistent and firm training. They do not respond well to harsh and forced dog training methods.
Highlights of Dalmatian Dog Breeds:-
- This breed need exercise every day or they will become very destructive and bored. Include some physical activities and sports in their exercise routine.
- Dalmatians shed a lot. To put their shedding under control, brush their coat thoroughly and frequently. And get a good vacuum cleaner as you need it a lot.
- Provide good dog training to make your dog a well-mannered member of the family. As they are a bit headstrong, it is advised to train them at an early age with positive reinforcement.
- Early socialization with other pets, dogs, cats, children and new people is a must. Do practice this from his younger age.
- They are their best when he is with his family. Do not leave him alone locked in your home or backyard as they become very restless and aggressive.
- This dog is not at all recommended for people who have kids at home as they can accidentally knock them off. However one can adopt a Dalmatian when the kids grow a certain age.
- This dog breed has become extremely popular after the 101 Dalmatians by the Disney. So many are trying to cash in on the popularity. So owners must be cautious and well informed about health conditions before looking for a Dalmatian puppy.
- Getting a puppy that has any health condition makes your life miserable. So always consider professional breeders who are well aware of breeding dogs without having any possibility of causing genetic and other health diseases.
Dalmatian Dog Breeds Care:-
- Dalmatians are usually active and healthy dogs. But it is very important to make sure you are not bringing home a puppy that has a health condition. So make sure you are aware of all genetic and other diseases a Dalmatian can get.
- If you are going to buy this dog breed, ask health clearances for health issues like hereditary deafness, Urolithiasis, Skin allergies, Hip dysplasia and Iris Sphincter Dysplasia.
- Deafness is something that is very common in Dalmatian dogs as it is inherited as a polygenic trait. Studies show that at least 22-24% of Dalmatians have deafness in one year and at least 8% of the puppies are born with complete deafness. So make sure it is tested with BAER (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response) to confirm your puppy is free from deafness.
- By nature Dalmatians are very active dogs, so they need plenty of running and exercises every day.
- Dalmatians may go on a jaunt if he is left on his own. So it advised to exercise him in a secure area or on a leash.
- Always provide your pet with lots of fresh. As this breed has unique uric acid metabolism, it is very important to keep a track on your puppy whether it is urinating regularly or not.
- Recommended daily amount of food for your adult Dalmatian is 1.5 to 2 cups of top quality dry dog food. However, visit your Vet to know the right amount of food for the age, size, activity level and metabolism it has.
- Never ever miss its vaccinations and always look for any signs of illness or allergy.
- Brush your pet’s teeth every day and bathe it once or twice a week to keep it tidy and healthy.
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Dalmatian Dog Breeds Training:-
- Training a Dalmatian is all about correcting his bad habits and teaching him good habits with positive reinforcement and reward based dog training.
- The ideal time to start training your Dalmatian would be as soon as you bring it to your home. Many owners delay training for many months thinking it’s too early to get it trained. But they are unknowingly making it tough to get trained as it is easier to start training at an early age.
- This breed is not easy to housetrain, so enrol it in a genuine and reliable training program that is handled by professional trainers.
- Start with basic obedience training right away like sit, come, go or paw etc.
- Positive reinforcement is the only way to train this dog breed. One need not be harsh or rude while training Dalmatians as it ultimately defeats the purpose of dog training.
- Make sure your training sessions are short, intense and consistent to get it perfectly trained.
- Through a good training, owner and his family can develop a strong bond with each other which helps you to live with it comfortably and happily.