St Bernard Dog Breeds History, Statistics, Care & Training

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St Bernard Dog Breeds History, Statistics, Care & Training

St Bernard Dog Breeds

The St. Bernard dog breeds is one of the big dog breeds from the western Alps. These are working dogs and are bred mainly for rescue at the Little St Bernard dog breeds Pass at Italian-French border and Great St Bernard dog breeds pass at the Italian-Swiss border which is located closed to each other. St Bernard dog breeds have gained plenty of popularity for its enormous size and for their many tales of alpine rescues. Saint dogs are also called Alpine Cattle Dogs, Alpine Mountain Dogs or the large farm dogs. These are used by dairymen and farmers at French Alps for herding, hunting, search and rescue, drafting, livestock guardians and as watchdogs. They are very much known for their rescue operations and saving many human lives.

St Bernard dog breeds Vital Stats :-

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Other names:St. Bernhardshund, Bernhardiner, and Alpine Mastiff

Common nicknames: Saint

Origin: Italy, Switzerland, and France

Dog Breed Group: Rescue and herding dogs

Weight: 65 and 120 kg (140 and 260 lb)

Height: 70 to 90 cm (28 to 35 in)

Coat: Smooth or rough

Colour: Red shade with white, or a mahogany brindle with white and black shade on ears and face.

Litter size: 5 -10 puppies.

Lifespan: 8 to 10 years

Detailed Overview of St. Bernard dog breeds :-


Originally these breeds are used to guard Switzerland’s Saint Bernard and helping in finding and saving injured or lost travelers. But today saints are found enjoying the comforts of a family life in many houses all around the world. They are strong and versatile and excel in obedience trials, show ring, drafting and weight pulling competitions. These big dog breeds are very gentle, kind, good-natured and intelligent dogs. They are very large and giant in appearance with the powerful muscular body. There are two varieties in this breed, one is short haired and other is long haired. Short haired dogs are mostly used by the monks at Saint Bernard Hospice. These are very good at inventing their own jobs like chasing cars, animals, herding your kids or taking your house apart. If you are the one who has less time and energy to exercise and train the Aussie every day, then he is definitely not for you. This medium sized dog is always a top contender in all levels of agility, obedience, fly ball and for any herding test for that matter. They are perfectly suitable as guiding dog, police dog, and herding dog and provides effective result in search and rescue work. They are very good at doing your household chores. These dogs really stand out from other breeds in looks and are very protective of your home and family but distant with strangers. Aussies are loyal companions and have a loving personality which is liked by everyone. They keep you home alive by playing and working from sunshine to sunset.

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Despite the big dog breeds size and structure, they are calm and quiet indoor dogs who make a good companion and a wonderful family member. Even though they are calm, it is better to provide access to a yard where he can walk, roam and spread out. This breed is definitely not for a fastidious housekeeper as Saints creates a lot of mess. They shed and drool, and track in dirt and mud. Only people who have tolerance for any kind of mess can only buy this breed. These dogs are not at all aggressive, but bark and alert whenever there is a threat to its family members. They protective instincts come out very fast if they found anything that is suspicious. They mostly like to be indoors with the family. They are very gentle and friendly with small kids. Saints do not need plenty of physical activities. A simple walk or jogging would do for him.

Highlights of Saint Bernard dog breeds :-

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  1. Saint Bernard’s can be very calm and quiet but aren’t suitable for Condos and Apartments. Their giant size needs extra space to move and stretch out in.
  2. If you are very particular about cleanliness, then stay away from owning this dog. Saints are heavy shedders, drools a lot and always have their paws track in the mud.
  3. It takes a long time for a Saint to mature mentally. So you literally live with a big puppy for several years.
  4. Even though Saint Bernard is very gentle and friendly pet, it may unintentionally hurt or knock over small children. So it is not recommended for people who have little kids at home. However, you can have one once your kids grow.
  5. Saint Bernard’s cannot bear heat as they are originally bred to withstand cold temperatures of the Alps.
  6. They are known for not barking without a reason. So if your pet barks, take it for granted that it has felt the threat or found something suspicious.

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St Bernard dog breeds Dog care :-


If you are buying a big dog breeds like Saint make sure that puppy is free from all possible genetic diseases. Ask for health clearances of the puppy as well as its parent.

  • The puppy should be free from health issues like Hip Dysplasia, Entropion, Elbow Dysplasia, Epilepsy, Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Cataracts, Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) and Allergies. Make sure your puppy get moderate amounts of physical activity every day. Take the necessary steps to avoid obesity as it can cause arthritis, orthopaedic problems, and joint pains.
  • Limit the exercises for your puppy until he matures and avoids making him jump or run on slick floors as they cause hip problems.
  • Avoid taking your dog into heat as they are prone to heatstroke and heat exhaustion. Also, avoid exercising when the climate is very hot.
  • Keep fresh water available at all times.
  • Be cautious about signs like heat exhaustion, fatigue, dark red gums, heavy panting, weakness or collapse.
  • If you got a yard for Aussie, secure your fence as your dog may dig under or jump over it.
  • To control its urge to herd, get him trained and make him exercise for an hour every day.
  • They are very happy to receive rewards like praise, food, and toys from you during training. So make sure you compliment him on regular basis.
  • Australian shepherd sheds very little hair but needs regular trimming and grooming to keep it fresh and tidy. Regularly brush the teeth, clean ears and cut his nails
  • Get him trained when he is a puppy, otherwise, it can wreak havoc in your home.

Provide high-quality diet and feed calculated amount of food that suits big dog breeds, at regular intervals. Contact your vet to assist you.

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Nataliya Bells
2018 | Senior Content Writer At Our Dog Breeds Company Which is located California, USA
Our Dog Breeds
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